A smart city is beneficial for the citizens because it brings remarkable advantages and opportunities that enable governments to face the challenges in the present world. Information and communication technology (ICT) plays a vital role in the making of a smart city. Artificial intelligence (AI), wireless connections, and other communication mediums are the pioneers of the base of the smart cities. The connected devices and sensors collect data from gateways installed in the smart-city and analyze the data for decision-making. Following are some of the trends that are driving in building a smart city:
Predicting with Artificial Intelligence (AI): AI plays a crucial role in building a city smart by driving a digital transformation and helps the team to understand behavior and act accordingly. It supports geospatial analysts to automate information processing and expand the understanding. Machine learning algorithms enable the planners to mitigate traffic by designing better roads. Also, support drivers with traffic information and create reliable driving directions.
Advent of 5G: The architecture not only brings faster speeds but also denser small cell deployments due to distance limitations with wave technology and ultra-low latency applications at the edge. 5G can foster smart city applications as parking, smart meters, surveillance, traffic and waste management, and emergency services.
Providing Cybersecurity: Data breach in a city can expose sensitive information of people and enterprises that can cause service outages. Businesses and organizations should have more secure ways of integrating IoT (Internet of Things) technologies and forming partnerships to increase protection.
GIS: Sensors, drones, and handheld devices have made real-time GIS (geographic information system) come to the fore. Location intelligence provides information about what is happening everywhere at the moment it is occurring. Applications ensure real-time and predictive weather insights that enable the teams to respond quickly to the weather issues.
A city can be smart by urbanization. Automation can be used to manage traffic routine with real-time management and monitoring. Data collected from various sources can be used with less wastage and high efficiency.