Here's How AI Will Make Criminal Investigations More Manageable
Govciooutlook

Here's How AI Will Make Criminal Investigations More Manageable

Gov CIO Outlook | Thursday, April 01, 2021

The use of digital intelligence, or data captured from digital sources such as smartphones, computers, or the Cloud, and the mechanism by which agencies perform an investigative analysis and leverage the data to operate their operations efficiently, would be enabled by these new tools.


FREMONT, CA : The sheer amount of data involved in each investigation is one of the most significant problems facing law enforcement agencies today, causing backlogs and slowing down investigative work. Investigators must be able to analyze these digital tools to uncover essential knowledge about each case and potentially admissible facts in court. This is due not only to the sheer amount of data that must be processed (consider the maximum capacity on a computer 20 years ago vs. today, and one will understand the problem) and the variety of sources from which digital information is gathered.

Computers and cell phones are essential sources of information that must be examined, but wearables and IoT devices must also be considered. Next year, it is expected to see more agencies implement Artificial Intelligence (AI) and machine-learning-based software that can automatically analyze and interpret data from video, sensors, and even biometrics that are court-admissible to tackle data overload. These solutions use AI to link data points that human investigators would otherwise ignore or would take too long to find. In urgent situations like abduction, where a victim must be identified and taken to safety as soon as possible, this proves to be a critical differentiator.

The use of digital intelligence, or data captured from digital sources such as smartphones, computers, or the cloud, and the mechanism by which agencies perform an investigative analysis and leverage the data to operate their operations efficiently, would be enabled by these new tools. This AI-based analysis has the added advantage of reducing the number of time investigators must spend analyzing graphic images, which can be harmful to people over time. AI-assisted searches can be tailored to automatically extract photos from photo and video sources that are relevant to particular crimes. Weapons, trafficking, and child exploitation can all be detected without exposing a detective to graphic video. This analysis can be done in a legal and compliant manner, making it admissible in court.

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