It is essential that one looks at the driving forces behind the smart city and how personal data joins in to generate a fuller understanding of what it means to live in an intelligent city.
FREMONT, CA: A core factor that drives smart city is the requirement to build a sustainable living for one and all. The human population is growing at an exponential rate and along with the rise comes increasing resource requirements, proficient distribution of funds, and optimal waste disposal. So, a technical approach is required to manage the populace balance. Besides, there also needs to be an ecological layer of control over utilizing technology to prevent a privacy catastrophe. In a rush to smarten up the cities as the populations explode, one must not get carried away with physical fixes that the basic human need for privacy gets lost.
The Aspects Driving Smart City Revolution
The primary factors driving the requirement for smart cities and how personal data is used as part of the drivers are as following:
The population is a core driver of the intelligent city revolution as the element is what determines the resource supplies of the people. The data generated from the citizens of smart cities can assist organizations in making informed decisions.
Resources are, in general, limited and are required to be managed to ensure fair allocation. So, the feasible application of resources is the cornerstone of smart city success. The data on how one uses the assets can help the administrators of the smart city projects to understand how funds are used. Ultimately the knowledge assists in rigid and fair management of finite resources.
The concern of Energy Management
Energy is the most challenging and complex resource allocation sectors that government organizations need to manage. The data collected and collated from the populace showing energy utilization can be used to optimize and manage declining or altering energy resources is a smart city.
As the populace expands, the city administration will need to build more efficient housing necessities for all individuals. The three factors—smart cities, housing, and data, are intrinsically linked to each other and play a prominent part in making the town intelligent. So, technologies that explicitly address the housing areas will have to aggregate data across services. The information then should be compared or analyzed with mention to the diverse providers in the housing network.
Transportation or Safety
Smart city development has highlighted transport for good reason that includes congestion rates in cities, which are horrendous. The traffic blocking reports give a clue as to why congestion is a matter worthy of smart city resolution. So, most smart city projects across the world are looking at improving transportation within and outside the cities. Much of the work depends on having enough data to reform the transport issues such as parking and public transport needs, potentially reducing the traffic by facilitating remote working.
Many packed cities are vulnerable to natural disasters. Climate change is a two-way street for towns; they both add to it and are impacted by it. Today, cities consume more percentage of the world’s energy resources and produce an increased amount of carbon dioxide output. Subsequently, smart cities need to tackle the discrepancy by improving energy consumption and reducing carbon dioxide and other pollutants while supervising climate change effects on citizens. The utilization of big data and analytics can assist in alleviating the issues and amend clever energy use.
Critical Infrastructure of Data and Devices
Data and devices do not stand alone but act as an intricate mesh with one or more of the other dynamics. Likewise, smart city, its technology, and the statistics it relies upon are like a tangled web of intertwining variables. The movement of information and data aggregation shared across multiple processes create a compound data lifecycle. Information that starts at one point may be employed across the entire city to improve living conditions and to optimize health. Furthermore, the question arising from data sharing is: why does it have to come at the cost of private lives?
Outlook on Smart Cities and Privacy
From all the inferences, the questions at the juncture are: Do organizations have the levels of open data sharing needed to develop the smart city? Do government entities also retain the choice required to offer privacy to the citizens of their respective cities? Some cities have brought in models to solve the conflict between privacy and data openness. Also, there are projects put in place that look at ways to use the data within cities to progress services and inform local decisions.
A close look at the data privacy risks associated with the use of citizen information for city improvements will pin-point to a few references:
· To build a culture of privacy across the city and support privacy leadership; training people over data lifecycle for better communications and management.
· To develop organization initiatives that put into operation risk assessments.
· To set in place measures to recognize risk areas and to entirely consume techniques like de-identification.
· To encourage the enhancement of data quality.
· To invest in communication and education between government and individuals around data openness and its repercussions.
Smart City Confinements
The populace is at the point in time where it freely offers personal, behavioral, and biometric data to be used by the technology providers. The practice of letting personal information falls easily through the fingers and will carry on like never before as cities become smarter. Moreover, to address the issue, trends, and changes in society encourage a more sustainable way to use the data and live smarter—the thought of an intelligent and connected life engages masses.
Privacy altogether is a convoluted and multi-faceted concept. The effects of the loss of confidentiality are seldom felt immediately. So, if one is to go forward into a world that is dependent on the information, then it is necessary to understand the pros of cons of giving the consent to ensure privacy.