The Impact of AI in National Security

The Impact of AI in National Security

By Catalina Joseph, Gov CIO Outlook | Wednesday, February 03, 2021

Artificial intelligence is still at its initial stage but with the advancement of technology, and it can be utilized in national security. 

FREMONT, CA : It will take decades to build many of the AI systems that are being imagined today. Besides, AI is often misunderstood for things that it is not. If companies are to have smart discussions about how to study, improve and regulate AI in the years ahead, the definition's accuracy will be necessary.

AI systems are computers that can understand how to do work through a trial-and-error method with the help of some mechanism to tell them when they are correct and when they are wrong. Like picking out missiles in photos or people in crowds, as with Project Maven of the Pentagon, and then implementing what they have observed to diagnose future data. In simple words, the software is constructed by the machine with the influence of AI.

Real old-fashioned humans evaluate the broad computational method for a specific issue in advance, but the computer develops the original algorithm with a procedure of trial and error as it ingests and processes massive amounts of data. The machine's thought process is just not that advanced. Artificial instincts grow more than intellect, analyzing vast quantities of raw data and finding out how to identify a cat on a crowded highway in a picture or missile launcher instead of investing in deep thought (at least for the foreseeable future).

Such a description helps to quickly recognize those kinds of computer systems that are not AI. They may be powerful, unique, and vital to the warfighter, but since they do not build their algorithms out of data and numerous iterations, they are not artificial intelligence. To put it differently, there is no involvement in machine learning. There is a significant difference between advanced algorithms that have been around for decades (although, as computers get faster, they are continually improving) and artificial intelligence. There is also a distinction between AI-directed robotics and an autonomous weapons system.

For example, the computers that control a cruise missile or a drone do not display AI. They pursue a detailed but predetermined script, utilizing sensors to take in data and then bring it into computers, which then use software to decide the accurate next move and the right place to activate any weapons (created by humans, in advance). It's autonomy and not AI.

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