The Evolution of the 5G Standard and Its Implications on Public Safety
Govciooutlook

The Evolution of the 5G Standard and Its Implications on Public Safety

Catalina Joseph, Gov CIO Outlook | Monday, August 09, 2021

Public-safety agencies must have a clear plan for moving to full 5G capabilities in anticipation of this new technology and to prepare for how it will be deployed. Understanding how the 5G standard is progressing and when it will make the most sense to embrace it for increasing public safety usage is required.

Fremont, CA : The introduction of 5G technology has a lot to offer the public safety community. 5G will enable widespread adoption of new public safety applications due to its faster speeds, increased capacity, ultra-low latencies, and improved IoT compatibility. This will include remote-controlled equipment, telemedicine in the field, and better situational awareness through the use of drones and video analytics to supplement current LTE/4.9G mission-critical networks.

Public-safety agencies must have a clear plan for moving to full 5G capabilities in anticipation of this new technology and to prepare for how it will be deployed. Understanding how the 5G standard is progressing and when it will make the most sense to embrace it for increasing public safety usage is required.

In terms of 5G development, the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) is the organization that establishes the 5G standard. The specifications that customize the 5G standard to suit the rigorous needs of individual public-safety applications change as the standard itself does. The shift to 5G will most likely be gradual over the next decade, beginning with the deployment of 5G hotspots to augment mission-critical LTE/4.9G bandwidth in certain areas. However, because of its potential to satisfy the low-latency and reliability criteria required for future vital communications, 5G will eventually become the de facto norm in the long run.

Characteristics of 5G

In terms of wireless radio technology, the most significant advancement is the 5G New Radio (NR) standard, which provides the most useable radio spectrum. 5G radios also employ an upgraded form of multiple input multiple-output (MIMO), a multi-antenna system that employs 16 or more antennas for simultaneous transmit and receive streams, allowing 5G to attain gigabit peak data speeds capable of supporting very high-definition video. 5G will also reduce latency to one millisecond or less when combined with certain types of IP-optical backhaul networks, which is crucial for automation and machine-to-machine communications. Lower latencies would enhance the responsiveness of remote-controlled devices, such as robots and drones that employ haptic/tactile input and are used for situational awareness and task execution in regions with high traffic.

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