Leveraging GIS for Disaster Management

Leveraging GIS for Disaster Management

Gov CIO Outlook | Friday, July 22, 2022

The seamless integration of technology at all phases of the disaster management cycle, from mitigation to recovery procedures, is easy due to technological advancement. 

FREMONT, CA: The current technological advancements present many challenges, particularly in science and technology. Technology can be used to artificially adapt and replicate things, but humans and other living organisms are more important than development. As technology advances, disasters are also more likely to occur. Several factors can lead to a disaster, including natural disasters, man-made disasters, and accidents. The main contributing element is climate change brought on by human activity, including soil, water, and air pollution. The use of Geographic Information System (GIS) technology is crucial in the fight against such catastrophes. It is possible by combining geographic information systems with remote sensing and photogrammetry technologies.

Analyzing Floods

Floods are anticipated with the help of remote sensing and GIS tools. The identification of flood-stricken areas and the provision of shelter for impacted people are both made possible by GIS technology. Additionally, there should be ideal locations for building retaining wall structures and a backup plan for stormwater drainage. This approach also aids in creating base maps that show the position and arrangement of boats, the rescue team's plans, and various levels of vulnerability maps that illustrate the areas regularly affected by floods. The results of the 3-Dimensional flood simulation will provide more solid information that will help people grasp the effects of the disaster faster.

It helps in analyzing earthquakes

One of humanity's oldest foes is the earthquake, but it can now map and analyze earthquakes in great detail. The design and administration of pre-emergency activities are assisted by GIS for local, regional, and national emergency groups. Analyzing demographic information and infrastructure sites is done using GIS-based urban information systems. The precise location of the spatial data of historical places is provided via remote sensing and GIS technology. The goal of remote sensing and GIS technologies is to decrease the impact of disasters by visualizing crucial vulnerabilities and damages. 

Predicting cyclones

The most severe natural disaster that results in extensive loss is cyclones. The earth's topography and meteorological and climatic data are monitored and collected using remote sensing technologies. When it comes to predicting and determining natural disasters for the growth and protection of the environment and ecosystems, temporal data from the exact location has grown strong and dominant. The same is true for other disasters, including drought, heatwaves, cold waves, climate change, and the effects of global warming, where remote sensing and GIS technology play a significant role.

Weekly Brief

Read Also