With the advent of electronic technology, crimes are emerging in every organization; however, digital forensics is here to fix all of them.
FREMONT, CA: Digital forensics is a legal and business aspect in the age of the internet. This involves identifying storing, reviewing, and examining digital evidence by means of scientific-based and validated approaches to address such legal questions. Digital forensics technology has shown a seemingly infinite potential. Digital forensics will grow gradually with advances in technology, as new kinds of digital data are developed by new devices that log people's activities. Though digital forensics have been started outside forensic science's mainstream, it is now fully absorbed and accepted as a branch of forensics and has prompted the investigation. This is how digital forensics assists investigation. The following are some of the processes which are supported by most forensic examiners.
Identification: In the first step, potential sources of evidence/information related to the case at hand, as well as essential guardians and location of data are identified and retrieved.
Allocation: This applies to collect digital information relevant or not to the investigation by eliminating potential evidence that may be an electronic device from a crime or accident scene. It is then trailed by imaging, replicating, or printing out the content to fulfill the purpose.
Conservation: This involves the method of safeguarding appropriate electronically stored information (ESI) by securing the crime or accident scene, collecting visual images from the scene, and recording of all relevant data in order to make definitive decisions on whether to proceed with the case or not.
Analysis: The information gathered from the earlier steps is sufficient to demonstrate or at least answer the fundamental questions concerning the case being examined. The analysis, therefore, seeks to make judgments based on the evidence.
Reporting: Reports are based on validated approaches and methodology. Many qualified forensic examiners should be able to understand the format so that they can replicate and reproduce the same findings.
Digital forensics is vital because it can save the resources of any company by detecting and mitigating digital evidence related to crime and fighting against it.