Smart Cities can be defined as a data-driven environment aimed to provide sustainability, driven by information and communication technology along with the use of other disruptive technologies in multiple application scenarios.
The sustainable development of urban areas is crucial for local government because of the high population and continuous migration of rural citizens into urban areas. In order to address the effect of growing population and meet the growing demands of its citizens, authorities will have to adopt efficient, user-friendly technologies in energy, transport, security, communication, healthcare, utilities, waste, and pollution. A new form of collaboration also needs to be adopted between citizens, government, and businesses so that changes will deliver positive results to everyone.
To enable a strategic and collaborative approach, cities need to become a more transparent and invest in technology to ensure infrastructure developments in enterprises, energy and utilities, safety, health and transport.
A Geographical information system (GIS) provides decision makers with the tools to visualize, analyze, plan, coordinate and make informed strategic based on their key project objectives. Furthermore, a GIS provides policymakers with the opportunity to fulfill all of the functions identified in the diagram below, which is critical when creating a smart city or when making decisions which are dependent on location data.
Using a GIS enables government authorities, data analysts, and administrators to consolidate processes by moving data onto a single GIS platform which also supports third-party integration. Adopting an effective web GIS will provide essential administrative support, which can be administered internally or remotely. GIS solutions to ensure smooth workflow in a smart city
• Connecting departments and stakeholders
• Collecting geodata, spatial databases, sourcing data critical to ‘smart’ city management
• Real-time processing of data management, maintaining of open data protocols, integrating service-oriented architecture (SOA) with a data service architecture that leaves no place for data silos
• Communicating information between participants, stakeholders, citizens, and real-time alerts and action in a distributed computing environment
• The crunching of structured and unstructured big data for analysis in real time
• Data-driven decision making makes real-time management possible
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