How is GIS Aiding Emergency Management?

How is GIS Aiding Emergency Management?

Gov CIO Outlook | Friday, August 28, 2020

GIS is critical to all phases of the emergency management process, resulting in a faster, more concise armed emergency response team.

FREMONT, CA: Increasing attention is being paid on the emergency management sector to learn how to live with natural and human-made disasters. Geographic Information Science (GIS)  is an aid for emergency managers that has the potential for use in all phases of the emergency management from hazard analysis to vulnerability analysis to mitigation. Here is more to it. Top 10 Security Companies in Europe - 2020

Mitigation strategies prior to natural disasters are essential to reduce the loss of life and property by reducing the impact on populations. Emergency management agencies continuously work with local governments, states, and tribes regarding hazard mitigation plans with short- and long-term focus. GIS technology can be leveraged to respond to emergencies by gathering area-specific and population-derived data. GIS and emergency management involves planning, analysis, and action. These areas can be enhanced by spatial analysis, which requires to analyze patterns of human behavior in a specific location. When used best, spatial analysis can assist emergency responders in acting and preventing fatalities and damage and helping communities return to normalcy as fast and safe as possible.

GIS is nit mere mapping. It is an analytical, data management, and visualization tool too. GIS can be used for situational awareness, for spotting ideal locations for prepositioning assets ahead of a disaster, for understanding the connection between hazard exposure and social vulnerability as part of the hazard mitigation planning. GIS models and simulation features enable decision-makers to both practice response and recovery plans during non-disaster times and also understand real-time possibilities during an occurrence. Essentially, if emergency responders have data, it can be mapped, analyzed, and utilized to make improved decisions in a short amount of time. 

Innovations in technology and the significance of utilizing GIS systems to aid in disaster response cannot be overstated. GIS is vital to all phases of the emergency management process. GIS deployment into disaster management allows higher levels of planning, analysis, situational awareness, and recovery operations. The end result is economic savings, collaboration, and a safer population.

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