Digital forensics is on the verge of a revolution in its comparatively young life. It is now facing the third revolution with the introduction of Artificial Intelligence (AI), where intelligence is exposed by machines that are trained to learn and solve problems.
Fremont, CA: Algorithms are already playing a key role in helping digital forensics investigators in analyzing the massive amount of data that has been drawn up from mobile devices and piled on the cloud. Like any other industry, demand exceeds supply when it comes down to trained, qualified professionals who can analyze through the inventory of digital forensics data relating to new criminal cases. Whereas, AI can help automate processes and instantly flag content or insights, which would otherwise take a much longer time to unveil.
Artificial Intelligence functions help to locate and identify elements in photos and videos by observing similarities in communication, location, and times, as well as based on the history, make predictions about when and where the next incident or crime might take place.
There exists a trust factor that needs to be overcome with Artificial Intelligence in digital pieces of evidence in criminal investigations. Whenever the evidence in a case is presented, the attorneys, jury members, and judges should be aware of technology to grasp the vast concept of AI and be comfortable with its role multiplying in digital forensics and many more modern criminal investigations. When human logic is taken into account for complex decisions, it can be traced back and debated. Therefore, it is imperative that the AI functions have logs, and as a result, its conclusions are always crystal clear and can be prosecuted entirely.
The human representation is always an essential part of a criminal investigation, and it is necessary to understand the fact that AI is a tool and not an investigator. And for now, it is vital to understand and leverage this tool. Also, it is equally important to not conflate AI as analogous to an investigator.