Cloud computing offers tremendous opportunities for emerging economies organizations, big and small, moving to cloud services. Cloud computing is considered a transformative new generation technology, enables greater efficiencies, deliver big data analytics, and empower the Internet of Things.
The first wave adopters of cloud services were private organizations, but in recent years governments are increasingly adopting a cloud-first-approach instructing their ministries, departments, and agencies to choose cloud services. These rapid advances in technology enable greater productivity and dramatic progress in governments’ and their citizens’ abilities to communicate, innovate, implement new ideas, and deliver various e-government services. However new technologies also introduce new complexities and demands assessment on how to adjust and optimize for the opportunities and challenges. Identifying and implementing the right policy, operational and appropriating decisions only can harness potential alteration in the business paradigm.
Public policy principles for cloud adoption to provide a framework for government ICT decision makers include:
1. Cloud policies should have a clear path toward innovating and advancing the security and flexibility of their government services. To embrace these objectives, governments must make choices about when and how to utilize ICT systems and services. The pace at which the government incorporates innovation is directly related to the realities of the environments, and how they choose to use available resources and to plan for the future should be carefully assessed.
2. Flexible cloud policies should enable governments to choose the suitable cloud type for delivering their services in a secure and elastic manner.
3. Cloud policies should also signify data awareness by ensuring that assessments, categorization, and protection of data are proportional with risk. Effective data governance can ensure that data stays within confines that the government prefers, for example, data transfer agreements in place.
4. Cloud policies should prioritize the assessment, management, and reduction of risk in the delivery of cloud services for governments. The government must decide how to treat risks identified, assessed and prioritized. The risk assessment and management decisions must be implemented as a continual process.
In addition to the above factors, the government must develop the resources and skills to undertake data governance processes to assess and determine to best manage the risks and meet the operational security and resiliency.